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Jefferson County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 11,079 100.00% 11,905 100.00%
In Poverty 2,495 22.52% 2,040 17.14%
Not in Poverty 8,584 77.48% 9,865 82.86%
11 Years and Under 2,028 18.30% 1,811 15.21%
In Poverty 724 6.53% 432 3.63%
Not in Poverty 1,304 11.77% 1,379 11.58%
12 to 17 Years 1,262 11.39% 1,061 8.91%
In Poverty 307 2.77% 203 1.71%
Not in Poverty 955 8.62% 858 7.21%
18 to 64 Years 6,280 56.68% 7,290 61.23%
In Poverty 1,036 9.35% 1,109 9.32%
Not in Poverty 5,244 47.33% 6,181 51.92%
65 Years and Above 1,509 13.62% 1,743 14.64%
In Poverty 428 3.86% 296 2.49%
Not in Poverty 1,081 9.76% 1,447 12.15%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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