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Chatham County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 209,143 100.00% 224,398 100.00%
In Poverty 35,986 17.21% 35,043 15.62%
Not in Poverty 173,157 82.79% 189,355 84.38%
11 Years and Under 38,787 18.55% 38,542 17.18%
In Poverty 10,287 4.92% 9,151 4.08%
Not in Poverty 28,500 13.63% 29,391 13.10%
12 to 17 Years 17,396 8.32% 18,740 8.35%
In Poverty 4,032 1.93% 3,601 1.60%
Not in Poverty 13,364 6.39% 15,139 6.75%
18 to 64 Years 126,783 60.62% 137,834 61.42%
In Poverty 17,175 8.21% 18,931 8.44%
Not in Poverty 109,608 52.41% 118,903 52.99%
65 Years and Above 26,177 12.52% 29,282 13.05%
In Poverty 4,492 2.15% 3,360 1.50%
Not in Poverty 21,685 10.37% 25,922 11.55%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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