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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 11,987 96.53% 13,871 95.52%
Spanish 270 2.17% 484 3.33%
Other Indo-European* 145 1.17% 74 0.51%
Asian Language** 10 0.08% 53 0.36%
Other 6 0.05% 40 0.28%
Total Population Age 5+ 12,418 100.00% 14,522 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 253 52.27%
Other Indo-European* 36 48.65%
Asian Language** 31 58.49%
Other Language 27 67.50%
Total 347 2.39%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 214 79.26%
Other Indo-European* 58 40.00%
Asian Language** 3 30.00%
Other Language 0 -
Total 275 2.21%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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