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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 64,527 92.59% 70,244 92.18%
Spanish 1,412 2.03% 1,951 2.56%
Other Indo-European* 1,509 2.17% 1,386 1.82%
Asian Language** 1,208 1.73% 1,601 2.10%
Other 1,034 1.48% 1,018 1.34%
Total Population Age 5+ 69,690 100.00% 76,200 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 476 24.40%
Other Indo-European* 373 26.91%
Asian Language** 802 50.09%
Other Language 287 28.19%
Total 1,938 2.54%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 372 26.35%
Other Indo-European* 291 19.28%
Asian Language** 584 48.34%
Other Language 301 29.11%
Total 1,548 2.22%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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