Russell County

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 7,669 100.00% 7,171 100.00%
In Poverty 1,037 13.52% 859 11.98%
Not in Poverty 6,632 86.48% 6,312 88.02%
11 Years and Under 1,249 16.29% 901 12.56%
In Poverty 200 2.61% 149 2.08%
Not in Poverty 1,049 13.68% 752 10.49%
12 to 17 Years 564 7.35% 697 9.72%
In Poverty 98 1.28% 72 1.00%
Not in Poverty 466 6.08% 625 8.72%
18 to 64 Years 4,094 53.38% 3,880 54.11%
In Poverty 446 5.82% 494 6.89%
Not in Poverty 3,648 47.57% 3,386 47.22%
65 Years and Above 1,762 22.98% 1,693 23.61%
In Poverty 293 3.82% 144 2.01%
Not in Poverty 1,469 19.16% 1,549 21.60%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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