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Gove County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 3,193 100.00% 3,014 100.00%
In Poverty 356 11.15% 311 10.32%
Not in Poverty 2,837 88.85% 2,703 89.68%
11 Years and Under 595 18.63% 488 16.19%
In Poverty 77 2.41% 76 2.52%
Not in Poverty 518 16.22% 412 13.67%
12 to 17 Years 290 9.08% 300 9.95%
In Poverty 21 0.66% 35 1.16%
Not in Poverty 269 8.42% 265 8.79%
18 to 64 Years 1,698 53.18% 1,578 52.36%
In Poverty 174 5.45% 155 5.14%
Not in Poverty 1,524 47.73% 1,423 47.21%
65 Years and Above 610 19.10% 648 21.50%
In Poverty 84 2.63% 45 1.49%
Not in Poverty 526 16.47% 603 20.01%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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