Cumberland County

LANGUAGE

The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 6,298 98.84% 6,629 98.27%
Spanish 7 0.11% 72 1.07%
Other Indo-European* 61 0.96% 40 0.59%
Asian Language** 5 0.08% 5 0.07%
Other 1 0.02% 0 0.00%
Total Population Age 5+ 6,372 100.00% 6,746 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 30 41.67%
Other Indo-European* 11 27.50%
Asian Language** 2 40.00%
Other Language 0 -
Total 43 0.64%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 0 -
Other Indo-European* 19 31.15%
Asian Language** 3 60.00%
Other Language 0 -
Total 22 0.35%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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