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Harlan County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 33,596 98.74% 30,671 98.41%
Spanish 222 0.65% 208 0.67%
Other Indo-European* 159 0.47% 156 0.50%
Asian Language** 46 0.14% 95 0.30%
Other 2 0.01% 38 0.12%
Total Population Age 5+ 34,025 100.00% 31,168 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 71 34.13%
Other Indo-European* 72 46.15%
Asian Language** 37 38.95%
Other Language 12 31.58%
Total 192 0.62%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 81 36.49%
Other Indo-European* 38 23.90%
Asian Language** 12 26.09%
Other Language 0 -
Total 131 0.39%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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