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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 677,714 100.00% 737,953 100.00%
In Poverty 37,154 5.48% 47,603 6.45%
Not in Poverty 640,560 94.52% 690,350 93.55%
11 Years and Under 105,097 15.51% 115,275 15.62%
In Poverty 7,837 1.16% 9,248 1.25%
Not in Poverty 97,260 14.35% 106,027 14.37%
12 to 17 Years 43,531 6.42% 59,786 8.10%
In Poverty 3,080 0.45% 4,186 0.57%
Not in Poverty 40,451 5.97% 55,600 7.53%
18 to 64 Years 437,530 64.56% 456,228 61.82%
In Poverty 20,024 2.95% 27,259 3.69%
Not in Poverty 417,506 61.61% 428,969 58.13%
65 Years and Above 91,556 13.51% 106,664 14.45%
In Poverty 6,213 0.92% 6,910 0.94%
Not in Poverty 85,343 12.59% 99,754 13.52%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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