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MIGRATION & IMMIGRATION


An essential value of the American lifestyle is the freedom of mobility. The Census asks respondents to identify if they lived in the same residence 5 years prior to the survey. If not, they are asked the location of their previous residence. Between 1995 and 2000, only 54.13 percent of Americans remained in the same house. This rate has been fairly steady: between 1985 and 1990, 53.29 percent remained in the same house.

Regionally, the rates differ greatly. Nevada’s population was the most mobile. About 62.6 percent of Nevada residents in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of the Nevadans living in different houses, 40.2 percent were new arrivals to the state. On the other hand, Pennsylvania’s population was the most permanent. Only 36.5 percent of Pennsylvanians in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of these people, only 15.8 percent were new arrivals to Pennsylvania.


Migration, 2000: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1995 Number Percent
Same house 78,444 53.88%
Different house 67,155 46.12%
Same county 24,359 16.73%
Different county 38,867 26.69%
Same state 20,963 14.40%
Different State 17,904 12.30%
Elsewhere in 1995* 3,929 2.70%
Total Population Age 5+ 145,599 100.00%

Migration, 1990: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1985 Number Percent
Same house 67,752 48.90%
Different house 70,814 51.10%
Same county 24,248 17.50%
Different county 42,188 30.45%
Same state 25,252 18.22%
Different State 16,936 12.22%
Elsewhere in 1985* 4,378 3.16%
Total Population Age 5+ 138,566 100.00%

* "Elsewhere" includes those living in U.S. Island Areas, in foreign countries, and at sea.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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