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Grand Traverse County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 57,264 96.38% 69,811 95.79%
Spanish 713 1.20% 1,197 1.64%
Other Indo-European* 1,137 1.91% 1,298 1.78%
Asian Language** 239 0.40% 294 0.40%
Other 63 0.11% 278 0.38%
Total Population Age 5+ 59,416 100.00% 72,878 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 371 30.99%
Other Indo-European* 371 28.58%
Asian Language** 72 24.49%
Other Language 95 34.17%
Total 909 1.25%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 240 33.66%
Other Indo-European* 246 21.64%
Asian Language** 76 31.80%
Other Language 9 14.29%
Total 571 0.96%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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