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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 29,106 100.00% 26,844 100.00%
In Poverty 4,121 14.16% 3,398 12.66%
Not in Poverty 24,985 85.84% 23,446 87.34%
11 Years and Under 5,756 19.78% 3,525 13.13%
In Poverty 1,154 3.96% 740 2.76%
Not in Poverty 4,602 15.81% 2,785 10.37%
12 to 17 Years 2,047 7.03% 2,390 8.90%
In Poverty 296 1.02% 389 1.45%
Not in Poverty 1,751 6.02% 2,001 7.45%
18 to 64 Years 17,017 58.47% 15,253 56.82%
In Poverty 2,099 7.21% 1,836 6.84%
Not in Poverty 14,918 51.25% 13,417 49.98%
65 Years and Above 4,286 14.73% 5,676 21.14%
In Poverty 572 1.97% 433 1.61%
Not in Poverty 3,714 12.76% 5,243 19.53%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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