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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 22,407 100.00% 21,301 100.00%
In Poverty 2,660 11.87% 2,229 10.46%
Not in Poverty 19,747 88.13% 19,072 89.54%
11 Years and Under 4,120 18.39% 3,041 14.28%
In Poverty 662 2.95% 544 2.55%
Not in Poverty 3,458 15.43% 2,497 11.72%
12 to 17 Years 1,962 8.76% 2,307 10.83%
In Poverty 236 1.05% 288 1.35%
Not in Poverty 1,726 7.70% 2,019 9.48%
18 to 64 Years 12,142 54.19% 11,980 56.24%
In Poverty 1,179 5.26% 1,040 4.88%
Not in Poverty 10,963 48.93% 10,940 51.36%
65 Years and Above 4,183 18.67% 3,973 18.65%
In Poverty 583 2.60% 357 1.68%
Not in Poverty 3,600 16.07% 3,616 16.98%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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