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MIGRATION & IMMIGRATION


An essential value of the American lifestyle is the freedom of mobility. The Census asks respondents to identify if they lived in the same residence 5 years prior to the survey. If not, they are asked the location of their previous residence. Between 1995 and 2000, only 54.13 percent of Americans remained in the same house. This rate has been fairly steady: between 1985 and 1990, 53.29 percent remained in the same house.

Regionally, the rates differ greatly. Nevada’s population was the most mobile. About 62.6 percent of Nevada residents in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of the Nevadans living in different houses, 40.2 percent were new arrivals to the state. On the other hand, Pennsylvania’s population was the most permanent. Only 36.5 percent of Pennsylvanians in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of these people, only 15.8 percent were new arrivals to Pennsylvania.


Migration, 2000: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1995 Number Percent
Same house 54,726 51.02%
Different house 52,539 48.98%
Same county 22,167 20.67%
Different county 29,066 27.10%
Same state 20,252 18.88%
Different State 8,814 8.22%
Elsewhere in 1995* 1,306 1.22%
Total Population Age 5+ 107,265 100.00%

Migration, 1990: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1985 Number Percent
Same house 44,471 54.76%
Different house 36,737 45.24%
Same county 15,343 18.89%
Different county 21,240 26.16%
Same state 13,968 17.20%
Different State 7,272 8.95%
Elsewhere in 1985* 154 0.19%
Total Population Age 5+ 81,208 100.00%

* "Elsewhere" includes those living in U.S. Island Areas, in foreign countries, and at sea.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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