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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 11,833 100.00% 12,925 100.00%
In Poverty 1,288 10.88% 1,213 9.38%
Not in Poverty 10,545 89.12% 11,712 90.62%
11 Years and Under 2,251 19.02% 2,035 15.74%
In Poverty 299 2.53% 172 1.33%
Not in Poverty 1,952 16.50% 1,863 14.41%
12 to 17 Years 876 7.40% 1,346 10.41%
In Poverty 83 0.70% 151 1.17%
Not in Poverty 793 6.70% 1,195 9.25%
18 to 64 Years 6,359 53.74% 7,405 57.29%
In Poverty 589 4.98% 697 5.39%
Not in Poverty 5,770 48.76% 6,708 51.90%
65 Years and Above 2,347 19.83% 2,139 16.55%
In Poverty 317 2.68% 193 1.49%
Not in Poverty 2,030 17.16% 1,946 15.06%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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