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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 16,030 100.00% 18,216 100.00%
In Poverty 906 5.65% 1,084 5.95%
Not in Poverty 15,124 94.35% 17,132 94.05%
11 Years and Under 2,922 18.23% 3,358 18.43%
In Poverty 173 1.08% 309 1.70%
Not in Poverty 2,749 17.15% 3,049 16.74%
12 to 17 Years 1,612 10.06% 1,712 9.40%
In Poverty 70 0.44% 113 0.62%
Not in Poverty 1,542 9.62% 1,599 8.78%
18 to 64 Years 9,429 58.82% 10,896 59.82%
In Poverty 484 3.02% 494 2.71%
Not in Poverty 8,945 55.80% 10,402 57.10%
65 Years and Above 2,067 12.89% 2,250 12.35%
In Poverty 179 1.12% 168 0.92%
Not in Poverty 1,888 11.78% 2,082 11.43%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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