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Cumberland County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 107,244 83.65% 109,457 79.55%
Spanish 14,156 11.04% 22,898 16.64%
Other Indo-European* 5,774 4.50% 4,236 3.08%
Asian Language** 640 0.50% 608 0.44%
Other 393 0.31% 391 0.28%
Total Population Age 5+ 128,207 100.00% 137,590 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 10,275 44.87%
Other Indo-European* 1,493 35.25%
Asian Language** 292 48.03%
Other Language 149 38.11%
Total 12,209 8.87%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 6,484 45.80%
Other Indo-European* 1,781 30.85%
Asian Language** 255 39.84%
Other Language 107 27.23%
Total 8,627 6.73%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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