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Essex County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 761,781 100.00% 771,556 100.00%
In Poverty 108,940 14.30% 120,006 15.55%
Not in Poverty 652,841 85.70% 651,550 84.45%
11 Years and Under 123,144 16.17% 138,734 17.98%
In Poverty 28,104 3.69% 29,856 3.87%
Not in Poverty 95,040 12.48% 108,878 14.11%
12 to 17 Years 61,478 8.07% 63,517 8.23%
In Poverty 12,993 1.71% 12,257 1.59%
Not in Poverty 48,485 6.36% 51,260 6.64%
18 to 64 Years 482,663 63.36% 479,614 62.16%
In Poverty 54,894 7.21% 66,987 8.68%
Not in Poverty 427,769 56.15% 412,627 53.48%
65 Years and Above 94,496 12.40% 89,691 11.62%
In Poverty 12,949 1.70% 10,906 1.41%
Not in Poverty 81,547 10.70% 78,785 10.21%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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