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Monmouth County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 456,264 88.72% 488,958 85.29%
Spanish 16,583 3.22% 30,137 5.26%
Other Indo-European* 29,446 5.73% 35,508 6.19%
Asian Language** 8,943 1.74% 14,738 2.57%
Other 3,047 0.59% 3,962 0.69%
Total Population Age 5+ 514,283 100.00% 573,303 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 13,394 44.44%
Other Indo-European* 10,773 30.34%
Asian Language** 5,681 38.55%
Other Language 979 24.71%
Total 30,827 5.38%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 6,416 38.69%
Other Indo-European* 9,043 30.71%
Asian Language** 3,556 39.76%
Other Language 787 25.83%
Total 19,802 3.85%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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