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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 443,430 100.00% 481,200 100.00%
In Poverty 44,556 10.05% 59,072 12.28%
Not in Poverty 398,874 89.95% 422,128 87.72%
11 Years and Under 72,496 16.35% 86,956 18.07%
In Poverty 11,857 2.67% 15,755 3.27%
Not in Poverty 60,639 13.67% 71,201 14.80%
12 to 17 Years 34,977 7.89% 38,401 7.98%
In Poverty 5,216 1.18% 6,326 1.31%
Not in Poverty 29,761 6.71% 32,075 6.67%
18 to 64 Years 280,321 63.22% 299,074 62.15%
In Poverty 21,852 4.93% 31,743 6.60%
Not in Poverty 258,469 58.29% 267,331 55.56%
65 Years and Above 55,636 12.55% 56,769 11.80%
In Poverty 5,631 1.27% 5,248 1.09%
Not in Poverty 50,005 11.28% 51,521 10.71%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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