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Bernalillo County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 322,213 72.57% 365,331 70.48%
Spanish 102,919 23.18% 128,162 24.72%
Other Indo-European* 7,675 1.73% 8,699 1.68%
Asian Language** 4,134 0.93% 6,407 1.24%
Other 7,048 1.59% 9,782 1.89%
Total Population Age 5+ 443,989 100.00% 518,381 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 41,187 32.14%
Other Indo-European* 1,813 20.84%
Asian Language** 3,007 46.93%
Other Language 1,956 20.00%
Total 47,963 9.25%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 31,166 30.28%
Other Indo-European* 1,933 25.19%
Asian Language** 2,112 51.09%
Other Language 1,542 21.88%
Total 36,753 8.28%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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