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Santa Fe County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 56,161 61.10% 76,698 63.10%
Spanish 33,134 36.05% 40,137 33.02%
Other Indo-European* 1,323 1.44% 2,696 2.22%
Asian Language** 264 0.29% 634 0.52%
Other 1,041 1.13% 1,392 1.15%
Total Population Age 5+ 91,923 100.00% 121,557 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 12,243 30.50%
Other Indo-European* 517 19.18%
Asian Language** 274 43.22%
Other Language 171 12.28%
Total 13,205 10.86%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 9,032 27.26%
Other Indo-European* 277 20.94%
Asian Language** 106 40.15%
Other Language 139 13.35%
Total 9,554 10.39%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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