Polk County

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 14,133 100.00% 17,950 100.00%
In Poverty 1,361 9.63% 1,808 10.07%
Not in Poverty 12,772 90.37% 16,142 89.93%
11 Years and Under 1,847 13.07% 2,388 13.30%
In Poverty 196 1.39% 298 1.66%
Not in Poverty 1,651 11.68% 2,090 11.64%
12 to 17 Years 923 6.53% 1,218 6.79%
In Poverty 77 0.54% 130 0.72%
Not in Poverty 846 5.99% 1,088 6.06%
18 to 64 Years 7,990 56.53% 10,264 57.18%
In Poverty 603 4.27% 1,020 5.68%
Not in Poverty 7,387 52.27% 9,244 51.50%
65 Years and Above 3,373 23.87% 4,080 22.73%
In Poverty 485 3.43% 360 2.01%
Not in Poverty 2,888 20.43% 3,720 20.72%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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