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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 13,459 100.00% 17,996 100.00%
In Poverty 1,353 10.05% 1,922 10.68%
Not in Poverty 12,106 89.95% 16,074 89.32%
11 Years and Under 2,226 16.54% 2,962 16.46%
In Poverty 314 2.33% 521 2.90%
Not in Poverty 1,912 14.21% 2,441 13.56%
12 to 17 Years 1,206 8.96% 1,598 8.88%
In Poverty 147 1.09% 248 1.38%
Not in Poverty 1,059 7.87% 1,350 7.50%
18 to 64 Years 8,398 62.40% 11,293 62.75%
In Poverty 655 4.87% 963 5.35%
Not in Poverty 7,743 57.53% 10,330 57.40%
65 Years and Above 1,629 12.10% 2,143 11.91%
In Poverty 237 1.76% 190 1.06%
Not in Poverty 1,392 10.34% 1,953 10.85%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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