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Montgomery County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 561,952 100.00% 542,982 100.00%
In Poverty 70,967 12.63% 61,440 11.32%
Not in Poverty 490,985 87.37% 481,542 88.68%
11 Years and Under 97,408 17.33% 90,990 16.76%
In Poverty 20,512 3.65% 16,070 2.96%
Not in Poverty 76,896 13.68% 74,920 13.80%
12 to 17 Years 43,523 7.74% 44,327 8.16%
In Poverty 6,902 1.23% 5,373 0.99%
Not in Poverty 36,621 6.52% 38,954 7.17%
18 to 64 Years 353,235 62.86% 335,200 61.73%
In Poverty 36,714 6.53% 34,071 6.27%
Not in Poverty 316,521 56.33% 301,129 55.46%
65 Years and Above 67,786 12.06% 72,465 13.35%
In Poverty 6,839 1.22% 5,926 1.09%
Not in Poverty 60,947 10.85% 66,539 12.25%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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