Cuyahoga County

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 1,388,547 100.00% 1,365,658 100.00%
In Poverty 191,149 13.77% 179,372 13.13%
Not in Poverty 1,197,398 86.23% 1,186,286 86.87%
11 Years and Under 230,523 16.60% 229,941 16.84%
In Poverty 53,194 3.83% 49,249 3.61%
Not in Poverty 177,329 12.77% 180,692 13.23%
12 to 17 Years 104,346 7.51% 112,215 8.22%
In Poverty 19,074 1.37% 18,065 1.32%
Not in Poverty 85,272 6.14% 94,150 6.89%
18 to 64 Years 842,616 60.68% 817,564 59.87%
In Poverty 97,354 7.01% 92,976 6.81%
Not in Poverty 745,262 53.67% 724,588 53.06%
65 Years and Above 211,062 15.20% 205,938 15.08%
In Poverty 21,527 1.55% 19,082 1.40%
Not in Poverty 189,535 13.65% 186,856 13.68%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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