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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 28,277 98.09% 28,237 96.96%
Spanish 144 0.50% 326 1.12%
Other Indo-European* 266 0.92% 428 1.47%
Asian Language** 140 0.49% 116 0.40%
Other 0 0.00% 16 0.05%
Total Population Age 5+ 28,827 100.00% 29,123 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 109 33.44%
Other Indo-European* 171 39.95%
Asian Language** 38 32.76%
Other Language 4 25.00%
Total 322 1.11%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 43 29.86%
Other Indo-European* 94 35.34%
Asian Language** 98 70.00%
Other Language 0 -
Total 235 0.82%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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