Columbus, OH

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 1,300,018 100.00% 1,496,303 100.00%
In Poverty 154,947 11.92% 150,819 10.08%
Not in Poverty 1,145,071 88.08% 1,345,484 89.92%
11 Years and Under 231,229 17.79% 262,603 17.55%
In Poverty 39,327 3.03% 35,438 2.37%
Not in Poverty 191,902 14.76% 227,165 15.18%
12 to 17 Years 100,633 7.74% 123,664 8.26%
In Poverty 13,909 1.07% 13,261 0.89%
Not in Poverty 86,724 6.67% 110,403 7.38%
18 to 64 Years 841,967 64.77% 963,737 64.41%
In Poverty 88,490 6.81% 90,430 6.04%
Not in Poverty 753,477 57.96% 873,307 58.36%
65 Years and Above 126,189 9.71% 146,299 9.78%
In Poverty 13,221 1.02% 11,690 0.78%
Not in Poverty 112,968 8.69% 134,609 9.00%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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