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Pima County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 470,544 76.19% 572,101 72.52%
Spanish 117,872 19.08% 179,591 22.77%
Other Indo-European* 12,817 2.08% 16,854 2.14%
Asian Language** 7,160 1.16% 11,101 1.41%
Other 9,239 1.50% 9,221 1.17%
Total Population Age 5+ 617,632 100.00% 788,868 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 65,097 36.25%
Other Indo-European* 3,714 22.04%
Asian Language** 5,640 50.81%
Other Language 3,355 36.38%
Total 77,806 9.86%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 42,000 35.63%
Other Indo-European* 2,960 23.09%
Asian Language** 3,719 51.94%
Other Language 3,942 42.67%
Total 52,621 8.52%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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