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MIGRATION & IMMIGRATION


An essential value of the American lifestyle is the freedom of mobility. The Census asks respondents to identify if they lived in the same residence 5 years prior to the survey. If not, they are asked the location of their previous residence. Between 1995 and 2000, only 54.13 percent of Americans remained in the same house. This rate has been fairly steady: between 1985 and 1990, 53.29 percent remained in the same house.

Regionally, the rates differ greatly. Nevada’s population was the most mobile. About 62.6 percent of Nevada residents in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of the Nevadans living in different houses, 40.2 percent were new arrivals to the state. On the other hand, Pennsylvania’s population was the most permanent. Only 36.5 percent of Pennsylvanians in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of these people, only 15.8 percent were new arrivals to Pennsylvania.


Migration, 2000: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1995 Number Percent
Same house 51,018 46.36%
Different house 59,029 53.64%
Same county 25,237 22.93%
Different county 29,103 26.45%
Same state 8,198 7.45%
Different State 20,905 19.00%
Elsewhere in 1995* 4,689 4.26%
Total Population Age 5+ 110,047 100.00%

Migration, 1990: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1985 Number Percent
Same house 38,243 42.20%
Different house 52,374 57.80%
Same county 19,880 21.94%
Different county 26,265 28.98%
Same state 7,629 8.42%
Different State 18,636 20.57%
Elsewhere in 1985* 6,229 6.87%
Total Population Age 5+ 90,617 100.00%

* "Elsewhere" includes those living in U.S. Island Areas, in foreign countries, and at sea.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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