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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 92,172 100.00% 111,867 100.00%
In Poverty 18,721 20.31% 19,772 17.67%
Not in Poverty 73,451 79.69% 92,095 82.33%
11 Years and Under 16,972 18.41% 19,617 17.54%
In Poverty 5,069 5.50% 5,446 4.87%
Not in Poverty 11,903 12.91% 14,171 12.67%
12 to 17 Years 9,053 9.82% 10,645 9.52%
In Poverty 2,271 2.46% 2,510 2.24%
Not in Poverty 6,782 7.36% 8,135 7.27%
18 to 64 Years 53,682 58.24% 64,784 57.91%
In Poverty 9,501 10.31% 10,070 9.00%
Not in Poverty 44,181 47.93% 54,714 48.91%
65 Years and Above 12,465 13.52% 16,821 15.04%
In Poverty 1,880 2.04% 1,746 1.56%
Not in Poverty 10,585 11.48% 15,075 13.48%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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