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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 5,720 100.00% 5,028 100.00%
In Poverty 953 16.66% 690 13.72%
Not in Poverty 4,767 83.34% 4,338 86.28%
11 Years and Under 894 15.63% 708 14.08%
In Poverty 218 3.81% 148 2.94%
Not in Poverty 676 11.82% 560 11.14%
12 to 17 Years 438 7.66% 479 9.53%
In Poverty 65 1.14% 69 1.37%
Not in Poverty 373 6.52% 410 8.15%
18 to 64 Years 3,029 52.95% 2,678 53.26%
In Poverty 437 7.64% 361 7.18%
Not in Poverty 2,592 45.31% 2,317 46.08%
65 Years and Above 1,359 23.76% 1,163 23.13%
In Poverty 233 4.07% 112 2.23%
Not in Poverty 1,126 19.69% 1,051 20.90%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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