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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 1,545,795 100.00% 1,468,404 100.00%
In Poverty 313,374 20.27% 336,177 22.89%
Not in Poverty 1,232,421 79.73% 1,132,227 77.11%
11 Years and Under 254,496 16.46% 249,219 16.97%
In Poverty 79,843 5.17% 81,977 5.58%
Not in Poverty 174,653 11.30% 167,242 11.39%
12 to 17 Years 117,130 7.58% 126,050 8.58%
In Poverty 32,779 2.12% 36,490 2.49%
Not in Poverty 84,351 5.46% 89,560 6.10%
18 to 64 Years 941,196 60.89% 888,235 60.49%
In Poverty 162,845 10.53% 183,032 12.46%
Not in Poverty 778,351 50.35% 705,203 48.03%
65 Years and Above 232,973 15.07% 204,900 13.95%
In Poverty 37,907 2.45% 34,678 2.36%
Not in Poverty 195,066 12.62% 170,222 11.59%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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