Westmoreland County

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 363,781 100.00% 362,608 100.00%
In Poverty 38,992 10.72% 31,284 8.63%
Not in Poverty 324,789 89.28% 331,324 91.37%
11 Years and Under 54,816 15.07% 51,077 14.09%
In Poverty 9,120 2.51% 6,476 1.79%
Not in Poverty 45,696 12.56% 44,601 12.30%
12 to 17 Years 27,741 7.63% 29,053 8.01%
In Poverty 3,568 0.98% 2,977 0.82%
Not in Poverty 24,173 6.64% 26,076 7.19%
18 to 64 Years 220,560 60.63% 217,577 60.00%
In Poverty 20,117 5.53% 16,670 4.60%
Not in Poverty 200,443 55.10% 200,907 55.41%
65 Years and Above 60,664 16.68% 64,901 17.90%
In Poverty 6,187 1.70% 5,161 1.42%
Not in Poverty 54,477 14.98% 59,740 16.48%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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