Montgomery County

POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 658,635 100.00% 728,882 100.00%
In Poverty 23,779 3.61% 32,215 4.42%
Not in Poverty 634,856 96.39% 696,667 95.58%
11 Years and Under 104,289 15.83% 118,959 16.32%
In Poverty 4,196 0.64% 5,680 0.78%
Not in Poverty 100,093 15.20% 113,279 15.54%
12 to 17 Years 46,674 7.09% 59,629 8.18%
In Poverty 1,725 0.26% 2,938 0.40%
Not in Poverty 44,949 6.82% 56,691 7.78%
18 to 64 Years 413,207 62.74% 445,805 61.16%
In Poverty 12,381 1.88% 18,244 2.50%
Not in Poverty 400,826 60.86% 427,561 58.66%
65 Years and Above 94,465 14.34% 104,489 14.34%
In Poverty 5,477 0.83% 5,353 0.73%
Not in Poverty 88,988 13.51% 99,136 13.60%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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