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Clay County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 10,676 100.00% 11,339 100.00%
In Poverty 2,625 24.59% 2,406 21.22%
Not in Poverty 8,051 75.41% 8,933 78.78%
11 Years and Under 1,901 17.81% 1,663 14.67%
In Poverty 444 4.16% 333 2.94%
Not in Poverty 1,457 13.65% 1,330 11.73%
12 to 17 Years 723 6.77% 873 7.70%
In Poverty 88 0.82% 91 0.80%
Not in Poverty 635 5.95% 782 6.90%
18 to 64 Years 6,847 64.13% 7,604 67.06%
In Poverty 1,991 18.65% 1,825 16.09%
Not in Poverty 4,856 45.49% 5,779 50.97%
65 Years and Above 1,205 11.29% 1,199 10.57%
In Poverty 102 0.96% 157 1.38%
Not in Poverty 1,103 10.33% 1,042 9.19%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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