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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 19,862 100.00% 22,744 100.00%
In Poverty 3,368 16.96% 3,243 14.26%
Not in Poverty 16,494 83.04% 19,501 85.74%
11 Years and Under 3,079 15.50% 3,449 15.16%
In Poverty 511 2.57% 623 2.74%
Not in Poverty 2,568 12.93% 2,826 12.43%
12 to 17 Years 1,795 9.04% 1,883 8.28%
In Poverty 353 1.78% 315 1.38%
Not in Poverty 1,442 7.26% 1,568 6.89%
18 to 64 Years 11,897 59.90% 14,013 61.61%
In Poverty 1,683 8.47% 1,832 8.05%
Not in Poverty 10,214 51.42% 12,181 53.56%
65 Years and Above 3,091 15.56% 3,399 14.94%
In Poverty 821 4.13% 473 2.08%
Not in Poverty 2,270 11.43% 2,926 12.86%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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