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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 579,395 100.00% 666,676 100.00%
In Poverty 155,298 26.80% 158,722 23.81%
Not in Poverty 424,097 73.20% 507,954 76.19%
11 Years and Under 125,863 21.72% 144,008 21.60%
In Poverty 46,832 8.08% 46,661 7.00%
Not in Poverty 79,031 13.64% 97,347 14.60%
12 to 17 Years 64,255 11.09% 70,444 10.57%
In Poverty 21,888 3.78% 21,403 3.21%
Not in Poverty 42,367 7.31% 49,041 7.36%
18 to 64 Years 342,387 59.09% 387,222 58.08%
In Poverty 76,588 13.22% 78,629 11.79%
Not in Poverty 265,799 45.88% 308,593 46.29%
65 Years and Above 46,890 8.09% 65,002 9.75%
In Poverty 9,990 1.72% 12,029 1.80%
Not in Poverty 36,900 6.37% 52,973 7.95%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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