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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 70,330 94.15% 74,704 94.25%
Spanish 1,382 1.85% 2,161 2.73%
Other Indo-European* 2,418 3.24% 1,614 2.04%
Asian Language** 550 0.74% 664 0.84%
Other 22 0.03% 119 0.15%
Total Population Age 5+ 74,702 100.00% 79,262 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 831 38.45%
Other Indo-European* 316 19.58%
Asian Language** 378 56.93%
Other Language 46 38.66%
Total 1,571 1.98%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 445 32.20%
Other Indo-European* 684 28.29%
Asian Language** 308 56.00%
Other Language 0 -
Total 1,437 1.92%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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