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Smith County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 130,080 92.63% 142,744 87.96%
Spanish 8,158 5.81% 17,185 10.59%
Other Indo-European* 1,440 1.03% 1,407 0.87%
Asian Language** 580 0.41% 757 0.47%
Other 169 0.12% 185 0.11%
Total Population Age 5+ 140,427 100.00% 162,278 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 8,839 51.43%
Other Indo-European* 283 20.11%
Asian Language** 343 45.31%
Other Language 51 27.57%
Total 9,516 5.86%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 3,837 47.03%
Other Indo-European* 428 29.72%
Asian Language** 196 33.79%
Other Language 30 17.75%
Total 4,491 3.20%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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