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The Census includes all residents of the United States, regardless of their citizenship status. In some areas of the country, those without American citizenship account for a substantial proportion of the population, while in many areas, particularly in the Midwest, the make up only a small percentage of residents. Likewise, in some areas the majority of the population has come from other states within the U.S. while in others, particularly in the South, the population is more stable over time.

Nativity and Citizenship Status, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population 16,986,510 100.00% 20,851,820 100.00%
Total Native Population 15,462,074 91.03% 17,952,178 86.09%
Born in US 15,250,571 89.78% 17,727,394 85.02%
Born in Same State 10,994,794 64.73% 12,970,203 62.20%
Born in Different State 4,255,777 25.05% 4,757,191 22.81%
Born Outside US 211,503 1.25% 224,784 1.08%
Total Foreign Born Population 1,524,436 8.97% 2,899,642 13.91%
Naturalized 515,190 3.03% 914,326 4.38%
Non-Naturalized 1,009,246 5.94% 1,985,316 9.52%

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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