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Gilmer County

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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 7,102 100.00% 6,662 100.00%
In Poverty 2,378 33.48% 1,726 25.91%
Not in Poverty 4,724 66.52% 4,936 74.09%
11 Years and Under 1,225 17.25% 871 13.07%
In Poverty 550 7.74% 227 3.41%
Not in Poverty 675 9.50% 644 9.67%
12 to 17 Years 573 8.07% 536 8.05%
In Poverty 181 2.55% 164 2.46%
Not in Poverty 392 5.52% 372 5.58%
18 to 64 Years 4,152 58.46% 4,204 63.10%
In Poverty 1,231 17.33% 1,241 18.63%
Not in Poverty 2,921 41.13% 2,963 44.48%
65 Years and Above 1,152 16.22% 1,051 15.78%
In Poverty 416 5.86% 94 1.41%
Not in Poverty 736 10.36% 957 14.37%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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