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MIGRATION & IMMIGRATION


An essential value of the American lifestyle is the freedom of mobility. The Census asks respondents to identify if they lived in the same residence 5 years prior to the survey. If not, they are asked the location of their previous residence. Between 1995 and 2000, only 54.13 percent of Americans remained in the same house. This rate has been fairly steady: between 1985 and 1990, 53.29 percent remained in the same house.

Regionally, the rates differ greatly. Nevada’s population was the most mobile. About 62.6 percent of Nevada residents in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of the Nevadans living in different houses, 40.2 percent were new arrivals to the state. On the other hand, Pennsylvania’s population was the most permanent. Only 36.5 percent of Pennsylvanians in 2000 lived in a different house in 1995. Of these people, only 15.8 percent were new arrivals to Pennsylvania.


Migration, 2000: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1995 Number Percent
Same house 185,078 46.15%
Different house 215,980 53.85%
Same county 118,975 29.67%
Different county 85,273 21.26%
Same state 43,347 10.81%
Different State 41,926 10.45%
Elsewhere in 1995* 11,732 2.93%
Total Population Age 5+ 401,058 100.00%

Migration, 1990: Residence 5 Years Prior to Census
Residence in 1985 Number Percent
Same house 152,990 44.81%
Different house 188,394 55.19%
Same county 103,114 30.20%
Different county 78,688 23.05%
Same state 40,907 11.98%
Different State 37,781 11.07%
Elsewhere in 1985* 6,592 1.93%
Total Population Age 5+ 341,384 100.00%

* "Elsewhere" includes those living in U.S. Island Areas, in foreign countries, and at sea.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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