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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 71,600 100.00% 80,680 100.00%
In Poverty 1,561 2.18% 2,078 2.58%
Not in Poverty 70,039 97.82% 78,602 97.42%
11 Years and Under 13,178 18.41% 13,836 17.15%
In Poverty 257 0.36% 385 0.48%
Not in Poverty 12,921 18.05% 13,451 16.67%
12 to 17 Years 6,416 8.96% 7,949 9.85%
In Poverty 119 0.17% 210 0.26%
Not in Poverty 6,297 8.79% 7,739 9.59%
18 to 64 Years 44,347 61.94% 48,883 60.59%
In Poverty 881 1.23% 1,076 1.33%
Not in Poverty 43,466 60.71% 47,807 59.26%
65 Years and Above 7,659 10.70% 10,012 12.41%
In Poverty 304 0.42% 407 0.50%
Not in Poverty 7,355 10.27% 9,605 11.91%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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