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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 41,825 91.52% 48,955 94.21%
Spanish 2,554 5.59% 1,833 3.53%
Other Indo-European* 1,099 2.40% 912 1.76%
Asian Language** 150 0.33% 249 0.48%
Other 71 0.16% 16 0.03%
Total Population Age 5+ 45,699 100.00% 51,965 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 538 29.35%
Other Indo-European* 151 16.56%
Asian Language** 110 44.18%
Other Language 0 0.00%
Total 799 1.54%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 1,085 42.48%
Other Indo-European* 255 23.20%
Asian Language** 65 43.33%
Other Language 13 18.31%
Total 1,418 3.10%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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