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POVERTY BY AGE

While they say little about economic ups and downs in the decade between Censuses, income and poverty data provide us with economic "snapshots" of an area at the time of enumeration that can in turn be compared with economic data gathered from earlier Censuses. Poverty status, as measured in this chart, is determined by Poverty Thresholds, which take into account a number of factors, including income and family size and structure. For example, the 2000 Poverty Threshold for a family of four in the continental United States with two related children was 17,463. However, Poverty Thresholds are misleading because they do not provide an accurate picture of what a “poor” family’s life is like. According to the National Center for Children in poverty, most families of four would have to make twice their assigned Poverty Threshold in order to provide their children with basic necessities, such as housing, food, and health care.

Poverty by Age, 1990 and 2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population* 43,784 100.00% 49,757 100.00%
In Poverty 3,988 9.11% 5,690 11.44%
Not in Poverty 39,796 90.89% 44,067 88.56%
11 Years and Under 7,337 16.76% 6,514 13.09%
In Poverty 1,212 2.77% 1,156 2.32%
Not in Poverty 6,125 13.99% 5,358 10.77%
12 to 17 Years 3,319 7.58% 4,465 8.97%
In Poverty 223 0.51% 708 1.42%
Not in Poverty 3,096 7.07% 3,757 7.55%
18 to 64 Years 25,258 57.69% 28,907 58.10%
In Poverty 2,147 4.90% 3,436 6.91%
Not in Poverty 23,111 52.78% 25,471 51.19%
65 Years and Above 7,870 17.97% 9,871 19.84%
In Poverty 406 0.93% 390 0.78%
Not in Poverty 7,464 17.05% 9,481 19.05%

* The total population is the population for which poverty status is determined. Therefore, the total in this table should not be expected to match the total population in the population growth topic.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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