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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 70,057 95.15% 82,188 93.59%
Spanish 1,545 2.10% 3,657 4.16%
Other Indo-European* 1,749 2.38% 1,617 1.84%
Asian Language** 133 0.18% 268 0.31%
Other 141 0.19% 83 0.09%
Total Population Age 5+ 73,625 100.00% 87,813 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 1,346 36.81%
Other Indo-European* 404 24.98%
Asian Language** 102 38.06%
Other Language 6 7.23%
Total 1,858 2.12%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 586 37.93%
Other Indo-European* 372 21.27%
Asian Language** 81 60.90%
Other Language 6 4.26%
Total 1,045 1.42%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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