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Hartford, CT

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 877,328 83.70% 875,725 81.35%
Spanish 61,358 5.85% 89,858 8.35%
Other Indo-European* 96,320 9.19% 91,362 8.49%
Asian Language** 9,074 0.87% 15,054 1.40%
Other 4,068 0.39% 4,556 0.42%
Total Population Age 5+ 1,048,148 100.00% 1,076,555 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 35,952 40.01%
Other Indo-European* 33,183 36.32%
Asian Language** 7,906 52.52%
Other Language 1,238 27.17%
Total 78,279 7.27%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 29,462 48.02%
Other Indo-European* 34,819 36.15%
Asian Language** 5,006 55.17%
Other Language 1,074 26.40%
Total 70,361 6.71%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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