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Newburgh, NY-PA

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 266,090 86.50% 297,781 82.93%
Spanish 16,683 5.42% 30,754 8.57%
Other Indo-European* 21,351 6.94% 26,013 7.24%
Asian Language** 2,080 0.68% 2,956 0.82%
Other 1,411 0.46% 1,553 0.43%
Total Population Age 5+ 307,615 100.00% 359,057 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 11,817 38.42%
Other Indo-European* 12,726 48.92%
Asian Language** 1,252 42.35%
Other Language 602 38.76%
Total 26,397 7.35%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 6,918 41.47%
Other Indo-European* 8,313 38.93%
Asian Language** 910 43.75%
Other Language 447 31.68%
Total 16,588 5.39%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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