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Santa Fe, NM

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 71,601 65.74% 91,986 66.26%
Spanish 34,225 31.42% 41,137 29.63%
Other Indo-European* 1,645 1.51% 3,154 2.27%
Asian Language** 410 0.38% 1,117 0.80%
Other 1,041 0.96% 1,438 1.04%
Total Population Age 5+ 108,922 100.00% 138,832 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 12,463 30.30%
Other Indo-European* 635 20.13%
Asian Language** 481 43.06%
Other Language 187 13.00%
Total 13,766 9.92%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 9,324 27.24%
Other Indo-European* 313 19.03%
Asian Language** 217 52.93%
Other Language 139 13.35%
Total 9,993 9.17%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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